What is a Puppy Mill?
A puppy mill is defined as “any large scale commercial breeding facility where puppies are produced solely for profit, and which breeds many dogs and/or many different breeds of dogs”.
A puppy mill dog’s sole purpose is to produce puppies over and over again, typically twice a year. Typically, the female breeding dogs are either pregnant or nursing for most of their exhaustive reproductive years.
Forced to exist in cramped, makeshift cages, dogs relieve themselves where they eat and sleep, a very unnatural setting for dogs. Such unsanitary conditions, combined with lack of nutrition, can quickly result in sickness and/or disease, often left untreated.
Puppies are often weaned from their mothers too young – anywhere from four to eight weeks of age.
This video is dedicated to the 527 “Freedom Dogs” and their puppies, rescued September 2011 from Paws R Us, Shawville, Québec.
To date, this is the largest puppy mill seizure in Canadian history.
Puppies are then shipped out to be sold through pet stores, the internet, flea markets, local newspaper ads, or through puppy brokers (who buy puppies in bulk and distribute to pet shops), as well as directly from the mill. It is believed that most pet store puppies come from puppy mills.
Given the poor hygiene conditions and lack of medical attention to the breeding dogs, the puppies are often infested with internal parasites, and/or incubating congenital or genetic defects. Sadly, these traits often only become apparent weeks to months after purchasing the puppy.
When no longer able to reproduce, dogs are routinely abandoned, euthanized, or sold at auction. Some may be sold to rescue or shelter organizations, who may spend months rehabilitating them before finding suitable permanent homes.
Puppy milling in Canada is a multi-million dollar, largely tax free industry, with its only motivation being profit.
The most startling fact of all is that it is NOT illegal to keep a dog caged its entire life!
FACEBOOK – THE LATEST TREND
The recent trend of selling puppies through dedicated facebook pages is a popular way for backyard breeders and/or puppy mills to offload puppies. The parent dogs are often kept in horrid conditions solely for the purpose of breeding to make money. These ‘breeders’ will often ask that you send money in advance in return for shipping a puppy. This is often a scam. Not only will you never see how the parent dogs are treated, but you may never see your puppy – or your money.